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The 5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2017-2030 - Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts


Report Details

The 5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2017-2030 - Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts

SKU SNSMAR171701
Category Mobile and Wireless Telecommunication
Publisher SNS Research
Pages 363
Published Mar-17
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Description

Pre-standards 5G network investments to account for $250 Million

Despite the lack of sufficient LTE coverage in parts of the world, mobile operators and vendors have already embarked on R&D initiatives to develop 5G, the next evolution in mobile networks. 5G is expected to provide a single network environment to deliver not only existing mobile broadband and IoT services, but also new innovations such as self-driving cars, cloud robotics, 3D holographic telepresence and remote surgery with haptic feedback.

In fact, many mobile operators are betting on 5G to diversify their revenue streams, as conventional voice and data service ARPUs decline globally. For example, South Korea's KT has established a dedicated business unit for holograms, which it envisions to be a key source of revenue for its future 5G network.

At present, the 3GPP and other SDOs (Standards Development Organizations) are engaged in defining the first phase of 5G specifications. However, pre-standards 5G network rollouts are already underway, most notably in the United States and South Korea, as mobile operators rush to be the first to offer 5G services. SNS Research estimates that by the end of 2017, pre-standards 5G network investments are expected to account for over $250 Million.

Although 2020 has conventionally been regarded as the headline date for 5G commercialization, the very first standardized deployments of the technology are expected to be commercialized as early as 2019 with the 3GPP's initial 5G specifications set to be implementation-ready by March 2018. Between 2019 and 2025, we expect the 5G network infrastructure market to aggressively grow a CAGR of nearly 70%, eventually accounting for $28 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2025. These infrastructure investments will be complemented by annual shipments of up to 520 Million 5G-capable devices.

The “5G Wireless Ecosystem: 2017 – 2030 – Technologies, Applications, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the emerging 5G ecosystem including key market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, usage scenarios, vertical market applications, mobile operator deployment commitments, case studies, spectrum availability/allocation, standardization, research initiatives and vendor strategies. The report also presents forecasts for 5G investments and operator services.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report, as well as a 5G deployment tracking database covering over 60 global 5G trials, demos and commercial deployment commitments (as of Q1’2017).

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:
- 5G NR (New Radio) and NextGen (Next Generation) system architecture
- Market drivers and barriers to the adoption of 5G networks
- 5G requirements, usage scenarios, vertical markets and applications
- Key enabling technologies including air interface design, higher frequency radio access, advanced antenna systems, flexible duplex schemes, D2D (Device-to-Device) connectivity, dynamic spectrum access, self-backhauling and network slicing
- Complementary concepts including NFV, SDN, hyperscale data centers, Cloud RAN, satellite communications and aerial networking platforms
- Case studies and review of mobile operator 5G commitments
- 5G standardization, development and research initiatives
- Analysis of spectrum availability and allocation strategies for 5G networks
- Competitive assessment of vendor strategies
- Review of investments on R&D and pre-standards 5G networks
- Standardized 5G infrastructure, user equipment and operator service forecasts till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

5G R&D Investments
- New Air Interface & Millimeter Wave Radio Access
- MIMO, Beamforming & Advanced Antenna Technologies
- Spectrum Sharing, Aggregation & Interference Management
- Virtualization & Cloud RAN
- Network Slicing & Other Technologies

Pre-Standards 5G Network Investments
- Pre-Standards Base Stations
- Pre-Standards User Equipment
- Transport Networking & Other Investments

Standardized 5G Infrastructure Investments
- 5G NR (New Radio)
- Distributed Macrocell Base Stations
-  Small Cells
- RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
- C-RAN BBUs (Baseband Units)
- NextGen (Next Generation) Core Network
- Fronthaul & Backhaul Networking

Standardized 5G User Equipment Investments
- Handsets
- Tablets
- Embedded IoT Modules
- USB Dongles
- Routers

5G Operator Services
- Subscriptions
- Service Revenue

Regional Segmentation
- Asia Pacific
- Eastern Europe
- Latin & Central America
- Middle East & Africa
- North America
- Western Europe

Key Questions Answered
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
- How big is the opportunity for 5G network infrastructure, user equipment and operator services?
- What trends, challenges and barriers will influence the development and adoption of 5G?
- How will 5G drive the adoption of AR (Augmented Reality)/VR (Virtual Reality) applications such as 3D holographic telepresence and 360 degree streaming of live events?
- How have advanced antenna and chip technologies made it possible to utilize millimeter wave spectrum for mobile communications in 5G networks?
- How can non-orthogonal multiple access schemes such as RSMA (Resource Spread Multiple Access) enable 5G networks to support higher connection densities for Millions of IoT devices?
- What will be the number of 5G subscriptions in 2019 and at what rate will it grow?
- Which regions and countries will be the first to adopt 5G?
- Which frequency bands are most likely to be utilized by 5G networks?
- Who are the key 5G vendors and what are their strategies?
- Will 5G networks rely on a disaggregated RAN architecture?
- How will 5G impact the fiber industry?
- Will satellite communications and aerial networking platforms play a wider role in 5G networks?

Key Findings
The report has the following key findings:

- The Unites States and South Korea are spearheading early investments in pre-standards 5G trial networks, as mobile operators rush to be the first to offer 5G networks. Research estimates that by the end of 2017, pre-standards 5G network investments are expected to account for over $250 Million.
- Following completion of the 3GPP's first phase of 5G specifications in March 2018, SNS Research expects that early adopters across the globe will simultaneously begin commercializing 5G services in 2019.
- Between 2019 and 2025, we expect the 5G network infrastructure market to aggressively grow a CAGR of nearly 70%, eventually accounting for $28 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2025.
- Although early 5G R&D investments have primarily targeted the radio access segment, network-slicing has recently emerged as necessary "end-to-end" capability to guarantee performance for different 5G applications which may have contrasting requirements.
- In order to support diverse usage scenarios, 5G networks are expected to utilize a variety of frequency bands ranging from established sub-6 GHz cellular bands to millimeter wave spectrum.


News/Press Release

Table of Content

Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Executive Summary
Topics Covered
Forecast Segmentation
Key Questions Answered
Key Findings
Methodology
Target Audience
Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: The Evolving 5G Ecosystem
What is 5G?
High-Level Architecture of 5G Networks
5G NR (New Radio) Access Network
NextGen (Next Generation) Core Network
5G Performance Requirements
Data Volume
Data Rate
Bandwidth
Spectral Efficiency
Response Time & Latency
Connection Density
Reliability
Mobility
Availability & Coverage
Energy Efficiency
5G Market Drivers
Why the Need for a 5G Standard?
Improving Spectrum Utilization
Advances in Key Enabling Technologies
Gigabit Wireless Connectivity: Supporting Future Services
Extreme Device Densities with the IoT (Internet of Things)
Moving Towards a Flatter Network Architecture
Role of Vertical Sectors & the 4th Industrial Revolution
Challenges & Inhibitors to 5G
Standardization Challenges: Too Many Stakeholders
Spectrum Regulation & Complexities
Massive MIMO, Beamforming & Antenna Technology Issues
Higher Frequencies Mean New Infrastructure
Complex Performance Requirements
Energy Efficiency & Technology Scaling

Chapter 3: 5G Usage Scenarios, Applications & Vertical Markets
Usage Scenarios
eMBB (Enhanced Mobile Broadband)
URLCC (Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communications)
mMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communications)
Key Applications & Vertical Markets
Consumer & Multi-Sector Applications
FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
TV & Media Delivery
3D Imaging & Holograms
Virtual Presence
AR (Augmented Reality)
VR (Augmented Reality)
Real-Time Gaming
Tactile Internet
Mobile Cloud Services
5G Enabled Robotics
Connected Drones
Smart & Connected Homes
Connectivity for Smart Wearables
Conventional Mobile Broadband & Other Applications
Healthcare
Telemedicine
Bio-Connectivity: Enabling Telecare
Remote Surgery & Other Applications
Automotive & Transportation
Connected Cars: Infotainment, Navigation & Other Services
C-V2X (Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything) Communications
Autonomous Driving
Intelligent Transportation
Connectivity for High-Speed Railway, Aerial & Maritime Environments
Public Safety & Critical Communications
MCPTT (Mission-Critical Push-to-Talk)
Off-Network Secure Communications
Situational Awareness
Disaster Relief & Other Applications
Industrial Automation
5G Enabled Smart Factories
Machine Vision
Extending the Factory Floor To the Cloud
Real-Time Assistance & Other Applications
Other Vertical Sector Applications
Agriculture
Asset Management & Logistics
Construction
Education
Energy, Utilities & Smart Grids
Fitness & Sports
Retail, Advertising & Vending
Smart Cities & Other Sectors

Chapter 4: Enabling Technologies for 5G
Key Technologies & Concepts
Flexible Air Interface Design
Frame Structure
Multiple Numerologies
Other Aspects
5G Waveform Candidates
CP-OFDM (OFDM with Cyclic Prefix)
CP-OFDM with WOLA (Weighted Overlap and Add)
FCP-OFDM (Flexible CP-OFDM)
F-OFDM (Filtered OFDM)
BF-OFDM (Block Filtered OFDM)
FBMC (Filter Bank Multi-Carrier)/FB-OFDM (Filter Bank OFDM)
UFMC (Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier)/UF-OFDM (Universal Filtered OFDM)
GFDM (Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing)
SC-FDM (Single Carrier FDM)/DFT-S OFDM (Discrete Fourier Transform-Spread OFDM)
Zero-Tail SC-FDM/DFT-S OFDM
SC-FDE (Single-Carrier Frequency Domain Equalization)
Other Options
Modulation Schemes
Initial Baseline for 5G NR
Going Beyond 256-QAM: Higher Order Modulations
Other Advanced Modulation Schemes
Multiple Access Schemes
OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access)
SC-FDMA (Single-Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access)
SDMA (Spatial Division Multiple Access)
Power Domain NOMA (Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access)
Code Domain Techniques
MUSA (Multi-User Shared Access)
RSMA (Resource Spread Multiple Access)
LSSA (Low Code Rate and Signature Based Shared Access)
NOCA (Non-Orthogonal Coded Access)
NCMA (Non-Orthogonal Coded Multiple Access)
GOCA (Group Orthogonal Coded Access)
Hybrid-Domain & Interleaver-Based Techniques
SCMA (Spare Code Multiple Access)
PDMA (Pattern Division Multiple Access)
IDMA (Interleaver Division Multiple Access)
IGMA (Interleave-Grid Multiple Access)
RDMA (Repetition Division Multiple Access)
Other Methods
Channel Coding Schemes
LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) Coding
Polar Coding
Duplex Schemes
Dynamic TDD for Higher Frequencies
FDD and FDP (Flexible Duplexing on Paired Spectrum)
Full Duplex
Centimeter & Millimeter Wave Radio Access
Advanced Antenna Technologies
Massive MIMO & MU-MIMO
Phased Array Antennas
Beamforming & Beam Tracking
D2D (Device-to-Device) Connectivity & Communication
Self-Backhauling & Mesh Networking
Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation
Complex Carrier Aggregation Schemes
LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing
SAS (Spectrum Access System): Three-Tiered Sharing
LAA (License Assisted Access): Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation
New Mechanisms for 60 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Sharing
MulteFire
Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing
Multi-Site & Multi-RAN Connectivity
Dual-Connectivity with LTE
Interoperability with Wi-Fi & Other Networks
Multi-Site Connectivity & User Centric Cell Access
Control and User Plane Separation
Network Slicing
RAN Slicing
Core Network Slicing
End-to-End Network Slicing
Service Based Architecture
Network Security & Privacy Enhancements
Complementary Technologies
NFV & SDN
Cloud Computing & Hyperscale Data Centers
DevOps & Other IT Concepts
Big Data & Analytics
UDNs (Ultra Dense Networks) & HetNets
RAN Centralization & Functional Splitting
C-RAN (Centralized RAN)
RAN Functional Split Options
Cloud RAN
MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)
Wireline Fiber Infrastructure
Impact of 5G Rollouts on the Fiber Industry
Delivering Tbps Data Rates
Current Investment Trends
Role of Other Wireline Technologies
VLC (Visible Light Communication) & Li-Fi (Light Fidelity)
Satellites, Drones & Balloons
Satellite Integration for 5G Access & Transport Networking
Low-Earth Orbit Satellites for Gigabit Speeds: Existing Investments
Drones & Balloons for Coverage Extension
Interest from Mobile Operators

Chapter 5: 5G Investments & Future Forecast
How Much is Being Invested in 5G R&D?
R&D Investments by Technology
New Air Interface & Millimeter Wave Radio Access
MIMO, Beamforming & Advanced Antenna Technologies
Spectrum Sharing, Aggregation & Interference Management
Virtualization & Cloud RAN
Network Slicing & Other Technologies
Pre-Standards 5G Network Investments
Segmentation by Submarket
Base Stations
User Equipment
Transport Networking & Other Investments
Global Outlook for Standardized 5G Infrastructure
Segmentation by Submarket
5G NR
Distributed Macrocell Base Stations
Small Cells
RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
C-RAN BBUs (Baseband Units)
NextGen Core Network
Fronthaul & Backhaul Networking
Segmentation by Region
Global Outlook for Standardized 5G User Equipment
Segmentation by Form Factor
Handsets
Tablets
Embedded IoT Modules
USB Dongles
Routers
Segmentation by Region
Global Outlook for 5G Operator Services
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
Regional Segmentation
Asia Pacific
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
Eastern Europe
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
Latin & Central America
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
Middle East & Africa
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
North America
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue
Western Europe
Infrastructure
User Equipment
Subscriptions
Service Revenue

Chapter 6: Mobile Operator Case Studies & Commitments
Mobile Operator Case Studies
AT&T
BT Group
China Mobile
DT (Deutsche Telekom)
KT Corporation
NTT DoCoMo
SK Telecom
Telefónica
Verizon Communications
Vodafone Group
Review of Mobile Operator 5G Commitments
Asia Pacific
Australia
China
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Europe
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Russia
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Countries
Latin & Central America
Brazil
Mexico
Middle East & Africa
Bahrain
Kuwait
Other Countries
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
UAE
North America
Canada
United States

Chapter 7: Spectrum for 5G Networks
Potential Frequency Bands for 5G
Sub-1 GHz Bands
1-6 GHz Bands
3.4 GHz
3.5 GHz
4.5 GHz
5 GHz
Bands Above 6 GHz
15 GHz
24-30 GHz
30-60 GHz
E-Band (60-90 GHz)
Higher Bands
Status of 5G Spectrum Allocation
Asia Pacific
Australia
China
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Other Countries
Europe
European Commission & CEPT Recommendations
National Initiatives
Latin & Central America
CITEL Recommendations
National Initiatives
Middle East & Africa
GCC Countries
Africa & Other Countries
North America
Canada
United States

Chapter 8: 5G Standardization, Development & Research Initiatives
3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
Phased Standardization Approach
Phase 1: Release 15
Phase 2: Release 16
Enhancements to Address 5G Objectives in Earlier Releases
Key Aspects of 5G Standardization
5G NR Access Network
Support for Other Access Networks
NextGen System Architecture
Deployment Modes: Non-Standalone vs. Standalone Operation
5G Americas
5G Advocacy Efforts
5GAA (5G Automotive Association)
Advocacy for 5G & Cellular V2X Technology
Other Alliances in the Automotive Sector
Broadband Forum
Broadband 20/20 Vision: Convergence of 5G Mobile & Fixed Networks
CableLabs
Research on High Capacity Millimeter Wave Small Cells
Other Work Relevant to 5G
DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
Dynamic Spectrum Sharing for 5G
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
ISGs (Industry Specification Groups) for 5G Enabling Technologies
mWT ISG (Millimeter Wave Transmission ISG)
ISG NFV (ISG for Network Functions Virtualization)
OSG OSM (Open Source Group for Open Source MANO)
ISG MEC (ISG for Multi Access Edge Computing)
ISG NGP (ISG for Next Generation Protocols)
ISG MBC (ISG for Mobile/Broadcast Convergence)
Other Work
GSMA
5G Program & Spectrum Policy
GTI
5G Innovation Program
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
IEEE Future Directions 5G Initiative
Contribution to 5G Standards Development
IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
Contribution to 5G NextGen Core Standards
5Gangip (5G Aspects of Next Generation Internet Protocols) Special Group
Proposed NMLRG (Network Machine Learning Research Group)
Internet-Draft on Network Slicing
Other Work Relevant to 5G
ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
IMT-2020 Family of Standards
WP 5D (Working Party 5D)
FG IMT-2020 (Focus Group on IMT-2020)
Spectrum Allocation
NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
5G Work Program
Ecosystem Building & Interaction
Guidance to SDOs & the Wider Industry
Evaluation of Test & PoC Results
New Work-Items
5G Trial & Testing Initiative
End-to-End Architecture
Vehicle-to-X
OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation
Telco Project
ONF (Open Networking Foundation) & ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)
CORD (Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter)
M-CORD (M-Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter)
SIMalliance
5GWG (5G Working Group): Recommendations for 5G Security
Small Cell Forum
Mapping 5G Requirements for Small Cells
TIP (Telecom Infra Project)
OpenCellular Access Platform
Open Optical Packet Transport
Mobile Core Simplification
TM Forum
5G Working Group
Wi-Fi Alliance
Positioning WiGig as a 5G Technology
Other Work Relevant to 5G
WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
Advocacy Efforts for 5G Convergence with Wi-Fi
WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
Spectrum Sharing Specifications for LTE & 5G Networks
WWRF (World Wireless Research Forum)
New WGs (Working Groups) for 5G
WG High Frequency Technologies
WG 5G e/m-Health and Wearables
WG The Connected Car
WG End-to-End Network Slicing
xRAN Consortium
Standardization for Software-Based RAN
Other Collaborative & Standardization Organizations
European Initiatives
5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
5G IA (5G Infrastructure Association)
Key Working Groups
Major Research Projects
European Commission's 5G Roadmap
Phase 1: The Future of 5G Network Architecture
Phase 2: Demonstrations & Experiments
Phase 3: Integration of End-to-End 5G experimental network infrastructure
5G Manifesto
5G Action Plan
National Initiatives
United States
NSF (National Science Foundation)
NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
South Korea
5G Forum
ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research)
TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea)
Japan
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses)
TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee)
5GMF (Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Promotion Forum)
China
IMT-2020 5G Promotion Group
CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
863 Research Program
FuTURE Mobile Communication Forum
Taiwan
ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute)
TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
Turkey
ICTA (Information and Communication Technologies Authority)
5GTR (Turkish 5G Forum)
Malaysia
MTSFB (Malaysian Technical Standards Forum Bhd)
Malaysia 5G Committee
Indonesia
i5GF (Indonesia 5G Forum)
India
TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society India)
GISFI (Global ICT Standardization Forum for India)
Russia
5GRUS
Mobile Operator Led Initiatives & Innovation Labs
Pre-Standards Deployment Initiatives
5G TSA (5G Open Trial Specification Alliance)
5GTF (5G Technical Forum), Verizon Communications
5G-SIG (Special Interest Group), KT Corporation
5G-DF (5G Development Forum), KT Corporation
Innovation Labs
5G Innovation Center, China Mobile
5G:Haus, DT (Deutsche Telekom)
5TONIC, Telefónica
Others
Academic & Research Institute Initiatives
5G Lab Germany at TU Dresden
5G Playground, Fraunhofer FOKUS
5GIC (5G Innovation Center, University of Surrey)
5GTNF (5G Test Network Finland), University of Oulu
Hiroshima University
NYU WIRELESS (New York University)
OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance), EURECOM
Tokyo Institute of Technology
UC Berkeley (University of California, Berkeley)
USC (University of Southern California) Viterbi School of Engineering
UT Austin (University of Texas at Austin)
WINLAB (Wireless Information Network Laboratory), Rutgers University

Chapter 9: Vendor Demonstrations, Commitments & Strategies
Argela
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Cisco Systems
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Cohere Technologies
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Ericsson
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Fujitsu
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Google
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Huawei
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Intel Corporation
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
InterDigital
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Juniper Networks
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Keysight Technologies
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Kumu Networks
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
LG Electronics
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Mitsubishi Electric
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
NEC Corporation
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
NI (National Instruments)
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Nokia Networks
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Panasonic Corporation
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Qorvo
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Qualcomm
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Rohde & Schwarz
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
Samsung Electronics
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
SiBEAM
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments
ZTE
5G Strategy
Demonstrations & Trial Commitments

List of Figures

Figure 1: 5G Network Architecture & Interaction with Other Networks
Figure 2: 5G Performance Requirements
Figure 3: 5G FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Deployment Alternatives
Figure 4: Convergence of 5G with Wireline Networks
Figure 5: 5G for TV & Media Delivery
Figure 6: Example Usage Scenarios for C-V2X (Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything)
Figure 7: Example Channel Bandwidths for 5G Networks
Figure 8: Impact of Massive MIMO on Cell Coverage & Capacity
Figure 9: Sidelink Air Interface for ProSe (Proximity Services)
Figure 10: LSA (License Shared Access) Regulatory Architecture
Figure 11: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks
Figure 12: Service Based Architecture for 5G
Figure 13: NFV Concept
Figure 14: Transition to UDNs (Ultra-Dense Networks)
Figure 15: C-RAN Architecture
Figure 16: RAN Functional Split Options
Figure 17: Performance Comparison of RAN Functional Split Options
Figure 18: Cloud RAN Concept
Figure 19: Global 5G R&D Investments: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 20: Global 5G R&D Investments by Technology: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 21: Global 5G R&D Investments on New Air Interface & Millimeter Wave Radio Access: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 22: Global 5G R&D Investments on MIMO, Beamforming & Advanced Antenna Technologies: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 23: Global 5G R&D Investments on Spectrum Sharing, Aggregation & Interference Management: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 24: Global 5G R&D Investments on Virtualization & Cloud RAN: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 25: Global 5G R&D Investments on Network Slicing & Other Technologies: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 26: Global Pre-Standards 5G Network Investments: 2016 - 2018 ($ Million)
Figure 27: Global Pre-Standards 5G Network Investments by Submarket: 2016 - 2018 ($ Million)
Figure 28: Global Pre-Standards 5G Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2018 (Units)
Figure 29: Global Pre-Standards 5G Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2018 ($ Million)
Figure 30: Global Pre-Standards 5G User Equipment Shipments: 2016 - 2018 (Units)
Figure 31: Global Pre-Standards 5G User Equipment Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2018 ($ Million)
Figure 32: Global Transport Networking & Other Investments for Pre-Standards 5G Networks: 2016 - 2018 ($ Million)
Figure 33: Global 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 34: Global 5G Infrastructure Investments by Submarket: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 35: Global 5G NR Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 36: Global 5G NR Investments by Submarket: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 37: Global 5G Distributed Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 38: Global 5G Distributed Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 39: Global 5G Small Cell Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 40: Global 5G Small Cell Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 41: Global 5G RRH Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 42: Global 5G RRH Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 43: Global 5G C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 44: Global 5G C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 45: Global NextGen Core Network Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 46: Global 5G Fronthaul & Backhaul Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 47: 5G Infrastructure Investments by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 48: Global 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 49: Global 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 50: Global 5G Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 51: Global 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 52: Global 5G Handset Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 53: Global 5G Handset Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 54: Global 5G Tablet Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 55: Global 5G Tablet Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 56: Global 5G Embedded IoT Module Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 57: Global 5G Embedded IoT Module Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 58: Global 5G USB Dongle Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 59: Global 5G USB Dongle Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 60: Global 5G Router Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 61: Global 5G Router Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 62: 5G Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Millions of Units)
Figure 63: 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 64: Global 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 65: Global 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 66: 5G Subscriptions by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 67: 5G Service Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 68: Asia Pacific 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 69: Asia Pacific 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 70: Asia Pacific 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 71: Asia Pacific 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 72: Asia Pacific 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 73: Eastern Europe 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 74: Eastern Europe 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 75: Eastern Europe 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 76: Eastern Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 77: Eastern Europe 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 78: Latin & Central America 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 79: Latin & Central America 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 80: Latin & Central America 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 81: Latin & Central America 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 82: Latin & Central America 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 83: Middle East & Africa 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 84: Middle East & Africa 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 85: Middle East & Africa 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 86: Middle East & Africa 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 87: Middle East & Africa 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 88: North America 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 89: North America 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 90: North America 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 91: North America 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 92: North America 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 93: Western Europe 5G Infrastructure Investments: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 94: Western Europe 5G Device Unit Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 95: Western Europe 5G Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 96: Western Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2019 - 2030 (Millions)
Figure 97: Western Europe 5G Service Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Billion)
Figure 98: Configuration and Key Performance Metrics for KT's Pre-Commercial 5G Network
Figure 99: NTT DoCoMo’s 5G Roadmap
Figure 100: SK Telecom’s Phased 5G Approach
Figure 101: SK Telecom's View on BBU-RRH Functional Split Options for 5G C-RAN
Figure 102: Key Characteristics of Verizon's 5G Specifications
Figure 103: Distribution of 5G Trials & Demos by Frequency Band: Q1'2017 (%)
Figure 104: 3GPP 5G Standardization Roadmap
Figure 105: High Level View for NextGen System Architecture
Figure 106: Key Features in Phase 1 of 3GPP's NextGen System Architecture
Figure 107: Non-Standalone Deployment Mode for 5G Networks
Figure 108: Standalone Deployment Mode for 5G Networks
Figure 109: Comparison of IMT-2020 and IMT-Advanced Performance Requirements
Figure 110: IMT-2020 Development Roadmap
Figure 111: M-CORD Focus Areas
Figure 112: Common Security Threats in 5G Networks
Figure 113: European Commission's 5G Networks & Service Vision
Figure 114: European Commission's 5G Roadmap
Figure 115: ARIB’s Vision of Radio Access Technologies for 5G
Figure 116: 5GMF's 5G Implementation Roadmap
Figure 117: IMT-2020 5G Promotion Group's 5G Implementation Roadmap

Companies Profiled

3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
5G Americas
5G Forum, South Korea
5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
5G TSA (5G Open Trial Specification Alliance)
5GAA (5G Automotive Association)
5GMF (Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Promotion Forum, Japan)
5GRUS
5GTF (5G Technical Forum)
5GTR (Turkish 5G Forum)
Alcatel-Lucent
Alpental Technologies
Alphabet
América Móvil
Anatel (Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes)
Arcep
Argela
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses)
Arqiva
Ascenta
AT&T
AT&T Mexico
Athena Wireless Communications
ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
Avanti Communications
AVC Networks Company
Batelco
Bell Canada
BMW Group
Broadband Forum
BT Group
C Spire
CableLabs
CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)
CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
CEA (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission)
CEA Tech
CEA-Leti
CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
China Mobile
China Telecom
China Unicom
Chunghwa Telecom
Cisco Systems
CITEL (Inter-American Telecommunication Commission)
Claro Brasil
CMHK (China Mobile Hong Kong)
CMRI (China Mobile Research Institute)
CNIT (Italian National Consortium for Telecommunications)
Cobham Wireless
Cohere Technologies
ComReg (Commission For Communications Regulation, Ireland)
CpqD (Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil)
CTTC (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya)
Datang Mobile
Datang Telecom Group
Dish Network
DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
DT (Deutsche Telekom)
Du (Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company) 
EE
Elisa
EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne)
Ericsson
Etisalat
ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research)
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
EURECOM
Eutelsat
Facebook
FET (Far EasTone Telecommunications)
FiberTower Corporation
FICORA (Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority)
Fraunhofer FOKUS
Fraunhofer HHI
Fraunhofer IIS
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Fujitsu
FuTURE Mobile Communication Forum, China
GISFI (Global ICT Standardization Forum for India)
Globe Telecom
Google
GSA (Global mobile Suppliers Association)
GSMA
GTI
Hiroshima University
HPE
Huawei
Hughes Network Systems
i5GF (Indonesia 5G Forum)
ICASA (Independent Communications Authority of South Africa)
ICTA (Information and Communication Technologies Authority, Turkey)
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
IFT (Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones)
IIC (Industrial Internet Consortium)
IMDA (Info-communications Media Development Authority of Singapore)
IMDEA Networks Institute
IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, China
Inatel (National Institute of Telecommunications, Brazil)
Industry Canada
Inmarsat
Intel Corporation
InterDigital
Istanbul University
ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute)
ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
JRC (Japan Radio Company)
Juniper Networks
KCL (King's College London)
KDDI Corporation
Keysight Technologies
KPN
KT Corporation
KUKA
Kumu Networks
LG Electronics
LG Uplus
Ligado Networks
Linux Foundation
M1
MACOM Technology Solutions
Malaysia 5G Committee
MCMC (Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission)
MCTIC (Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications of Brazil)
MediaTek
MegaFon
METU (Middle East Technical University)
MIC (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan)
Microsoft Corporation
MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China)
Mitsubishi Electric
Mobily
MOEA (Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan)
Moogsoft
MOST (Ministry of Science & Technology, China) 
MOST (Ministry of Science & Technology, Taiwan)
MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, South Korea)
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
MTSFB (Malaysian Technical Standards Forum Bhd)
Murata Manufacturing
NBTC (National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission, Thailand)
NDRC (National Development and Reform Commission, China)
NEC Corporation
Net4Mobility
NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
NI (National Instruments)
NICT (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan)
Nokia
Nokia Networks
NTT Communications
NTT DoCoMo
NYU (New York University)
O3b
OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation
OFCA (Office of the Communications Authority, Hong Kong)
Ofcom
OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)
ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)
ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
Ooredoo
Optus
Orange
Panasonic Avionics Corporation
Panasonic Corporation
PLTD
Proximus
PTS (Swedish Post and Telecom Authority)
pureLiFi
Qorvo
Qualcomm
RF DSP
RF360 Holdings
Rogers Communications
Rohde & Schwarz
Roskomnadzor
Rutgers University
Samsung Electronics
Samsung Group
SES
SiBEAM
SIMalliance
SingTel
SK Telecom
Small Cell Forum
Smart Communications
SmarTone
SoftBank Group
Sonera
Sony Corporation
SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corporation)
Sprint Corporation
StarHub
STC (Saudi Telecom Company)
Stromnetz Berlin
Swisscom
TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
Taiwan Mobile
Taiwan Star Telecom Corporation
TCG (Trusted Computing Group)
TDK Corporation
Tele2
Telecom Italia Group
Telefónica
Telenor
Telia Company
Telstra
Telus
Thales Group
TI (Texas Instruments)
TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
Time Warner
Titan Aerospace
TM Forum 
T-Mobile USA
Tokyo Institute of Technology
TRA (Telecommunications Regulatory Authority, UAE)
TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India)
TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea)
TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
TU Dresden
Turkcell
U.S. Cellular
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
U.S. NSF (National Science Foundation)
UN (United Nations)
University of California San Diego
University of Edinburgh
University of Kaiserslautern
University of Oulu
University of Southern California
University of Surrey
UT Austin (University of Texas at Austin)
UTS (University of Technology Sydney)
Verizon Communications
VimpelCom
Vodafone Australia
Vodafone Germany
Vodafone Group
Vodafone Hutchison Australia
Vodafone Qatar
Vodafone Turkey
VTT Technical Research Center
W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
Wi-Fi Alliance
WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
WWRF (World Wireless Research Forum)
Xilinx
XO Communications
xRAN Consortium
Yonsei University
Zain Group
ZTE

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